Elijah Nelson Doughty's Civil War Diary of Travels

January - February 1865

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Commencing at Olathe, Jan 5th, 1865

     I was released from confinement January 5th, 1865, and ordered to join my company at Lawrence, Kansas which, was then on the march to Ft. Riley, Kansas. I arrived at Lawrence on the evening of the 6th. The Regt. had marched on the morning of the 6th and was then at or near Tecumsia [1], Kansas the distance of fifteen miles above Lawrence on the Kansas river. My being a foot and having orders to join my company at Lawrence I therefore, paid my fare on the coach and took passage as far as Topeka, Kansas. I there waited for the rest which was then at Tecumsia [1].

     I left Topeka on the 8th and reported to my company at Rosville [2], Kansas the distance of twenty miles above Topeka. We marched from Rosville [2] and went into camp on the Red Vermillion [3] where we had a splendid camp and plenty of timber to make us comfortable fires to sit around. We marched on the morning of the 10th and marched 10 miles and went into camp on Blue [4] or at Manhatton. we had a very comfortable camp and fared very well.

     On the morning of the 11th we marched 17 miles and arrived at Riley [5] where we remained until Feb. 20th. 1865, at which time we marched for Ft Kearney [6], Nebraska. We marched 12 miles and it rained all day. We went into camp on the Republican [7]. D. company was sent back to help the Company wagons in the roads being so bad on account of mud that quite a number of the wagons did not get into camp that night. Our company wagons failed by all the aid we could lend them to get to camp that night and the boys had no supper. I stayed back at a house three miles from camp in company with Corp. Fuller and others of my company. We fared sumptiously that night. Had a good supper and breakfast and a dry place to sleep by paying one dollar each and that dollar I will never begrudge.

     On the 21st we marched one mile to a dry place to camp and went into camp on Cherry Creek. After we had got proper arrangements made about camp a sad accident occured. Henry Campbell was accidentially killed by a member of the same company, by the name of George S. Humphrey, as they were playing what they called Indian, by snapping guns at each other. Some one of the boys layed a loaded gun down and Humphrey got hold of it through mistake and it fired and killed Campbell. He survived forty-eight minutes and then expired. He was buried by the honors of war. Campbell was a young man and much liked by his commards.

     On the morning of the 22nd, the Regt. marched all except D. company. We stayed here to bury Campbell. After we had confered the last favors on a departed commrade we moved after the rest and found them on a dry creek 17 miles from our previous camp.

Feb 23: We marched at sunrise, traveled 22 miles of the flat bottom of the Republican and camped on Pearl Creek. Had plenty of wood. Had a bridge to erect over the said stream before camping.

Feb 24: Marched at 7 A.M. Traveled 12 miles and camped on Elk Creek. The country we traveled over today was level. Timber scarce and of a poor quality. Could hardly get enough for cooking purposes. It has been misting rain all day and looks as if it would rain hard tonight. We stretched our tents tonight for the first time since we left Riley.

Feb 25: Left camp at the usual hour. Marched 20 miles facing one of the severest snow storms ever witnessed by any set of men. The wind blew hard and the snow almost cut our faces and we was compeled to face the music. We reached camp on Salt Creek. We pitched our tents and made comfortable fires. We are now in good spirits after suffering death today.

Feb 26: I layed over all day. Nothing of importance transpired.

Feb 27: Marched at the usual hour. Traveled 25 miles over a poor and broken country and camped at a small stream and no timber.

Feb 28: March at 6:30 A.M. Traveled 8 miles and Corp Blue got in through the Leavenworth and Ft Kerney road. We camped 4 miles above and mustered for pay. The destruction by Indians was now visible.

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Calendar for January, showing days of the week    Calendar for February, showing days of the week

Please click here for a text version of the January - February calendars,
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1. Tecumseh. Return to reading

2. Rossville ~ is northwest of Topeka, KS. Return to reading

3. River. Return to reading

4. Big Blue River. Return to reading

5. There is a Riley, KS (northwest of Manhattan) and also a Ft. Riley, KS (due west of Manhattan). Return to reading

6. Ft. Kearney is at Kearney, NE. Return to reading

7. The Republican River runs along the lower part of NE and then into KS. Return to reading

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